Buying a smartphone can be quite tough nowadays. With a deluge of choices available, it can be quite difficult to pick the perfect smartphone. The major issue here though is that it is difficult to understand the specifications of a smartphone completely and hence, this makes it more difficult to choose the ideal phone. We, here at TechJuice, recognize this issue, and to help solve this, we will be compiling guides on understanding your smartphone’s specifications, one by one. This is the first part of the guide that shall be demystifying the chipset specifications.
What is a chipset?
A chipset on a smartphone is most usually termed as a system on chip (SoC). You may have come across this term in smartphone specifications and reviews. An SoC or chipset is an integrated circuit that essentially combines together all basic components of a computer system on one chip. This means that your processor (or CPU), graphics processing unit (GPU), memory controller, modem, and other controllers are built into this single chip that is the chipset.
What’s all this about Snapdragon, Exynos, and MediaTek?
Like Intel manufactures processors and motherboards for desktop computer systems, companies such as Qualcomm and MediaTek manufacture SoCs. Some of the most popular chipsets in the smartphone market today are Snapdragon (manufactured by Qualcomm), MT and Helio (by MediaTek), Exynos (by Samsung), Atom (by Intel), and HiSilicon Kirin (by Huawei). These are all integrated chips that have their own processing units (CPU and GPU). Here is a general comparison of these chipsets:
- Most power-efficient chipset – least battery consumption.
- Lesser heating dissipation than chipsets from Intel or MediaTek.
- Adreno, a GPU manufactured by Qualcomm itself, is integrated within the chipset.
- Benchmarks show that Snapdragon processors are one of the best performers.
- Less power-efficient – higher battery consumption.
- Higher heat dissipation due to the higher number of cores.
- Mali, a third-party GPU, is integrated within the chipset.
- Processing power is top-notch.
- Generally, they offer more cores for the processor (they have a quad, hexa, octa, and deca core processors available).
- Least power-efficient – very high battery consumption.
- High rate of heat dissipation as well.
- Third-party GPUs such as Mali or PowerVRG are integrated within the chipset.
- Processing power is high.
In general, the processing or CPU capabilities of almost all of the above-mentioned SoCs are high but the real competition comes in terms of consistency and efficiency. MediaTek and SnapDragon chipsets have always come out neck and neck in this competition because they offer top-notch performance with good battery life and effective heating solutions.
However, the clear difference between the two chipsets lies in the GPU performance. Snapdragon has an edge in the graphics department because Qualcomm manufactures its own GPUs which work better in conjunction with the CPU than any third-party GPU.
However, no clear winner can be chosen. The fact is that you need to know that each chipset has its pros and cons as with any other piece of hardware.
Note: Samsung Exynos and HiSilicon were not mentioned because they are customized chipsets made specifically for their own phones.
What do you need to look at when choosing a smartphone?
Now that we’ve understood what chipsets are and who manufactures them, it comes time for the most important part of the guide: What you need to look at when choosing a smartphone. There are three main things that you need to look at when you’re searching for the ideal smartphone of your choice:
1. Number of cores:
The higher the number of cores, the better the processor’s performance will be. Simply put, an octa-core processor is better than a quad-core processor which is better than a dual-core processor. However, note that the quad-core processor of one manufacturer isn’t necessarily better than a dual-core one of another.
2. Processing speed:
You may have noticed the x.x GHz specification given right next to the processor specifications. This is the speed of the processor or in other words, the number of instructions that the processor can execute in one second. Therefore, the higher the processing speed of the processor, the better the processor will be.
3. Chipset model:
Finally and most importantly, the chipset model plays a key role in performance. You also need to understand that there are two types of processors: 32-bit processors and 64-bit processors. In general, 64-bit processors are much more efficient and quicker than 32-bit ones because they have larger data units. Therefore, the processor model is the most important aspect that you need to consider before choosing your phone. Why? Let’s illustrate with an example: A Qualcomm Snapdragon 617 (32-bit) chipset with a 2.7 GHz quad-core processor will in fact be slower than a Qualcomm Snapdragon 820 (64-bit) chipset with a 2.0 GHz quad-core processor.This is because the Snapdragon 820 is a more efficient and powerful chipset than the Snapdragon 617. Here is a link from Qualcomm and MediaTek that compares the power of their own chipsets.